乌拉尼亚影剧院改造设计

2020-05-07 18:21:06    作者:李海英/编译     来源:中国风景园林网

  乌拉尼亚影剧院是20世纪早期萨格勒布市众多老电影院建筑之一。这些电影院分布在萨格勒布的城市街区内。20年前,新且现代的影城开放,萨格勒布的老电影院逐渐开始消亡,那些被忽视、空无一人的建筑现象开始恶化。

  Urania Cinema/Theatre is one of numerous old cinema buildings built in the city of Zagreb in the early 20th century. Those cinemas were spread within the urban blocks across Zagreb’s Downtown. With the opening of new and modern multiplex theatres 20 years ago, the old Zagreb cinemas have gradually started to die out, and the buildings, neglected and empty, started to deteriorate.
 

乌拉尼亚影剧院

  老乌拉尼亚电影院是克瓦泰尔尼克广场街区的典型后现代主义风格的建筑。虽然该栋建筑物建造于1939年,但是整个建筑的混凝土结构保存完好,包括所有的承重柱子、大厅的主要拱门以及所有的天花板。从那个时期起,这些天花板是一个特殊的例子,作为第一个混凝土结构、纵向重复狭窄的结构肋。早期混凝土工程技术的完美案例值得保存、修复以及翻新。

  The old Urania cinema is a typical back-building in the block of Kvaternik Square. Although built in 1939, the entire concrete structure of the building was very well preserved with all the supporting pillars, the main arches in the large hall and all the ceilings. The ceilings are a special example as one of the first concrete structures with longitudinal repetitive narrow structural ribs from that period. That beautiful example of early concrete engineering technology was worth preserving, restoring and renovating.
 

乌拉尼亚影剧院

 

  虽然年代久远,这栋建筑物很容易作为新的办公室以及公共空间被使用、改造以及再利用。我们保留了4个原始建筑物中的3个空间,三层入口门厅以及办公楼,大的门厅以及壮观的二层高度的影剧院大厅,唯一增加的是玻璃的展览馆,这作为影剧院的主要入口空间。

  Despite its age, the building has good predispositions to be adapted, converted and reused as a new office and public space. We kept three of the four original building volumes; the three storey entrance foyer and office building, the big lobby and the spectacular main double height cinema hall. The only new addition is the glass pavilion, which originally served as an entrance space of the cinema.

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

  之前的电影院大厅的主要剖面显示,中央空间9米高,并且双侧走廊3米高。设计面临的最大挑战是没有任何自然光,需要将这个空间转换为工作间。因此,在改造期间,中央的空间被划分为两层,将老电影院的侧廊改造成开放的中庭,灯光被引入了一楼。自然光来自于屋顶,整个大厅的屋顶上有三米宽的天窗。

  The former cinema hall had a basilic cross-section with a 9m high central volume and two 3m high side aisles. The biggest challenge was converting this space without any natural light into a functional workspace. During the reconstruction the central volume was divided into two floors. Light was introduced into the ground floor by converting the old cinema halls side aisles into open atriums. On the first floor, the light was provided through the roof – three meter wide skylights were placed on the roof, through the entire length of the hall.
 

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

 

  大部分结构的原始材料利用较少的干预被保留下来。原始的砖墙、塑料、混凝土底板以及天棚,新引进的材料也是由三种材料组成——-橡木地板,红杉木以及作为墙面覆盖层和室内装饰材料的粗钢。

  Most of the original structural materials have been retained with minimal intervention - original brick walls, raw plaster, concrete on floors and ceilings; while all new equipment is made of three materials - oak for floors and spruce veneer and raw steel for wall cladding and interior finishing’s.

 

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

 

  新的乌拉尼亚拥有各种文化活动的公共空间和几个办公空间。配有多媒体和看台的多功能厅与咖啡厅相连,咖啡厅设有露台和屋顶露台。它将是一个社交聚会和公共活动的场所,也是举办各种活动的场所,如教育研讨会、演讲、展览、音乐会、放映会等。

  The new Urania houses public spaces for various cultural events and a couple of office spaces. A multipurpose hall equipped with multimedia and stands is connected to a café bar with a patio and a roof terrace. It willl be a point of social gathering and public activities, as well as a space for numerous events such as educational workshops, presentations, exhibitions, concerts, screenings and the like.
 

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

乌拉尼亚影剧院

  这座建筑的改造是通过彻底的研究、挖掘、添加和连接空间来完成的,这些空间将支持居住者和邻近社区之间的交流和交流。该项目将新的文化空间融入到现有的历史结构中。

  Transformation of this building was done by thorough research, excavation, adding, and connecting spaces that will support communication and exchange between its occupants and the neighbouring community. The project integrates new cultural spaces into the existing historic fabric.

 

  项目名称:Urania

  项目地点:克罗地亚,萨格勒布

  场地面积:830㎡

  建筑面积:1472㎡

  占地面积:749㎡

  客户单位:3LHD工作室

  设计单位:3LHD

  项目团队: Saša Begović, Marko Dabrović, Tatjana Grozdanić Begović, Silvije Novak, Paula Kukuljica, Dragana Šimić, Denis Hrvatin, Marijana Pivac, Davor Plavšić

  项目合作团队:Nives Krsnik Rister, Mia Andrašević, Branimir Turčić, Jan Ružić

  设计开始日期:2017年3月1日

  开工日期:2018年4月1日

  竣工日期:2019年9月

 

  Project name:Urania

  Address:Zagreb,Croatia

  Site :830㎡

  Size :1472㎡

  Footprint : 749㎡

  Client: Studio 3LHD

  Design company: 3LHD   

  Project team: Saša Begović, Marko Dabrović, Tatjana Grozdanić Begović, Silvije Novak, Paula Kukuljica, Dragana Šimić, Denis Hrvatin, Marijana Pivac, Davor Plavšić

  Project team collaborators: Nives Krsnik Rister, Mia Andrašević, Branimir Turčić, Jan Ružić

  Project start date:01.03.2017

  Construction start date: 01.04.2018

  Construction end date: 09.2019

编辑:李海英

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