留村毛主席路居地文化园位于山西省吕梁市石楼县，占地面积约 32 亩，建筑面积约760平米。项目聚焦经典红色遗址和纪念景观方向，针对主题文化和场地环境一体化改造更新，构筑新农村红色主题文化园，带动石楼地区文旅产业的升级发展。
The Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village is located in Shilou County, Lvliang City, Shanxi Province, which covering an area of about 32 Mu and with a construction area of about 760㎡. The project focuses on the direction of classic red ruins and memorial landscape, aims at the integrated transformation and renewal of theme culture and site environment, constructs a new rural red theme cultural park, and drives the upgrading and development of cultural and tourism industry in Shilou area.
Excavation and Shaping of Local Red Theme Culture
The Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village is the passing residence of Chairman Mao during the Red Army's eastern expedition and the creation place of the eternal quatrain – “Spring in a Pleasure Garden · Snow”. It is also the birthplace of the Anti-Japanese United Front Thought of the Communist Party of China, which has important revolutionary educational significance and historical and cultural value. The reconstruction of the project focuses on presenting the memorial significance and spirit of the site, for example, the theme image wall of the eastern expedition is in the form of relief art, which tells important figures and events in the history of the eastern expedition, and the Chairman Mao's famous poem “Spring in a Pleasure Garden · Snow” is presented in the form of landscape exhibition wall. The systematic thematic construction of "Memorial Park, Exhibition Hall and Red Education Base" are united, which focus on improving the concept of red theme culture, and fully excavate and shape the local red theme culture through modern design ideas based on the original project.
Integrated Transformation and Renewal of Park Site Environment
Based on the principle of respecting and reproducing history, the Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village focuses on adjusting measures to local conditions and exploring the existing conditions of the site. According to the spatial functions, it is divided into six areas: entrance image area, theme landscape area, exhibition area, chairman passing residence scene restoration area, conference reception and supporting area and historical scene display area.
The zigzag streamline is used at the entrance to eliminate the elevation difference and increase the concealment and commemoration of entering the site. At the intersection of zigzag road and theme landscape avenue, the theme image wall of the eastern expedition is set, while in the center of the circular square echoing the theme image wall, the statue of Chairman Mao retained in the original site is placed. Between the two sculpture nodes, the landscape artistic conception of " hundreds of leagues ice-bound go, thousands of leagues flies snow" is created in the form of earth art. In the entrance area of the courtyard of chairman passing residence, the existing trees are used, together with rubble low walls, benches, tree pools and a large area of gravel paving to create a leisure space for the transition landscape outside the courtyard.
Combined with the traditional form of rammed earth retaining wall in Northwest China, rammed earth technology is applied to the division of landscape retaining wall and landscape space, combined with modern materials such as weather resistant steel plate and stone, which not only reflects the quality of modern culture, but also achieves the design effect of returning to nature and reshaping the origin. Most of the projects are completed by local native farmers, which meet the requirements of rural transformation in a low-cost way.
Drive the Upgrading and Development of Local Cultural Tourism Industry
The planning of the Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village has improved the hardware service of the original site, strengthened the commemoration of the original site, and enriched the educational content of the original site, which also give full play to the important role of the original revolutionary site and revolutionary cultural relics in carrying out patriotic education, cultivating socialist core values and realizing the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It also provides more content and different perspectives for the study of the history of the Red Army's eastern expedition.
The Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village comprehensively excavates and improves the humanistic style and landscape environment of the original Liu Village Inn in the way of cultural support, combines and reproduces the original site materials according to local conditions, realizes the thematic and low-cost transformation and renewal mode of rural cultural tourism, and drives the two-way development of regional tourism industry and education industry.
设计时间：2018 年 12 月 – 2020 年 5 月
建成时间：2021 年 3 月
项目规模：占地面积约 32 亩、建筑约 760 平米
设计单位：中央美术学院建筑学院 12 工作室（SCUN·方寸实践建筑设计工作室）
Project Name: The Culture Park of Chairman Mao Passing Residence in Liu Village
Project Location: Liu village, Yidie Town, Shilou County, Lvliang City, Shanxi Province
Client: Publicity Department of Shilou County Party Committee of Lvliang City
Design Time: December 2018 – May 2020
Completion Time: March 2021
Project Scale: Covering Area of about 32 Mu and Building Area of about 760㎡
Designer: Studio 12, School of Architecture, CAFA（SCUN Design Studio）
Lead Designer: Yuan Ding
Design team: Zhongyuan Zhao, Wenlong Lu, Long Hao, Xiaofei Cao, Suozhu Gao, Zhiran Zhao, Hanyun Zhang, Yizhen Jia
Theme Relief: Bin Xiao
Photographer: Kerun Chen, Zhongyuan Zhao